Fertility and IVF Treatment in India
Fertility Treatment in India
Fertility Treatment typically refers to Medications that Stimulate Egg or Sperm Production, or Procedures that involve the Handling of Eggs, Sperm, or Embryos.
However, Treating Infertility goes beyond Fertility Treatments. Infertility Treatment can also include Surgical Interventions, Lifestyle Changes, Weight Loss, or Treatment of an Underlying Medical Condition.
To determine whether you are infertile, your doctor will go over your well-being history, medications, sexual history, and sex habits, similar to how regularly you have intercourse.
Men will get a physical test and frequently a sperm examination, which tests the health of the sperm.
For a Lady, Testing Starts with a Medical History and Physical Test, including a Pelvic Test. The Specialist at that point Ensures that she Ovulates Regularly and that her Ovaries are Discharging the Eggs. Blood Tests are taken to Measure Hormone Levels. The Ovaries and Uterus might be Examined by Ultrasound, and a Particular X-Ray Test can Check the Uterus and Fallopian Tubes.
In about 80% of Couples, the reason for Infertility is either an Ovulation Issue, Blockage of the Fallopian tubes, or a sperm issue. In 5%-15% of Couples, all Tests are Normal, and the reason isn’t known.
Your Infertility Treatment Plan will rely upon the Reason or Causes behind your Infertility, regardless of whether the Issue is from the Lady’s side, the Man’s side, the Two sides, or stays unexplained.
Fortunately 85 to 90% of Couples dealing with Infertility are Treated with Low-Tech Medicines, similar to Drug or Surgery. 1 Less than 5% percent are treated by Assisted Reproductive Advanced Technologies like IVF. Of the individuals who get Fertility Treatments, simply under half will have a baby.
What are The Treatments for Infertility?
In Men, Fertility is Treated with:
01. Surgery, if the Cause is a Varicoele (Widening of the Veins in the Scrotum) or a Blockage in the Vas Deferens, Tubes that carry Sperm.
02. Antibiotics to treat Infections in the Reproductive Organs.
03. Medications and Counseling to treat problems with Erections or Ejaculation.
04. Hormone Treatments if the problem is a Low or High Level of certain Hormones.
In Women, Infertility is Treated with:
01. Fertility Drugs and Hormones to Help the Woman Ovulate or Restore Levels of Hormones.
02. Surgery to Remove Tissue that is Blocking Fertility (such as Endometriosis) or to Open Blocked Fallopian Tubes.
Infertility in Men and Woman can also be Treated with
Assisted Reproductive Technology, or ART
There are several types of ART:
01. IUI (intrauterine insemination):
Sperm is collected and then Placed Directly inside the Woman’s Uterus while she is Ovulating.
IUI may help you as a couple if:
a. Your Spouse has a Borderline Low Sperm Count or Low Motility. This is when the Sperm’s ability to move is Impaired. But there must be enough Healthy, Motile Sperm to make the Treatment Worthwhile. If not, IVF or ICSI may be more suitable.
b. You are unable to have Sex because of Disability, Injury, or if your Spouse experiences Premature Ejaculation.
c. You have Mild Endometriosis.
d. You or your Spouse’s Fertility Problems are unexplained.
02. IVF (in vitro fertilization):
The Sperm and Eggs are Collected and brought together in a Lab. The Fertilized Egg Grows for 3 to 5 days Days. Then the Embryo is placed in the Woman’s Uterus.
IVF may help you as a couple if:
a. If you have Blocked or Damaged Fallopian Tubes.
b. If your Husband has a Minor Problem with his Sperm. Major problems are better Treated using ICSI.
c. If you have tried Fertility Drugs, such as Clomiphene, or another Fertility Treatment such as IUI, without success.
d. If you have been trying to Conceive for at least Two Years, or less if you are 40 Years or more. This is if a cause hasn’t been found to explain why you have not become pregnant.
03. GIFT (Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer) and
ZIFT (Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer):
The Sperm and Egg are Collected and Quickly Placed in a Fallopian Tube. With GIFT, the both Sperm and Eggs are placed into the Fallopian Tube. With ZIFT, the Sperm and Eggs are brought Together in a Lab and then a Fertilized Egg is placed into the Tube for 24 hours.
GIFT may be Appropriate When:
a. A Couple has Religious Objections to Fertilization taking place Outside the Body.
b. A Couple with Unexplained Infertility only has Insurance Benefits for GIFT.
c. For GIFT or ZIFT, a Woman must have at least One Functional Fallopian Tube.
If the Woman is not Capable of Producing Eggs that can be used in GIFT, but her Partner’s Sperm is Capable of Fertilization, they might Consider getting Eggs from a Donor. One reason for using an Egg Donor is Age. Women over Age 35 are Less Likely to have Viable Eggs and more likely to have Children with Birth Defects than Younger Women. A Woman with Premature Ovarian Failure, a Condition in which Menopause has begun Early, might also consider a Donor if she wants to Carry a Child. Most Egg Donation is Anonymous, but some Couples prefer to know their Egg Donor and take Legal Steps to Contract for the Donation of the Eggs.
Fertility Treatment Options available in India
Drugs such as Clomifene Pills and Gonadotrophin Injections Regulate Hormones and Trigger the release of more Eggs per Cycle. About 28 per cent Pregnancy Rate for Clomifene, 7 to 14 per cent for Gonadotrophins.
Keyhole surgery (laparoscopy)
Treatment to Unblock your Fallopian Tubes or Remove Scarring caused by Endometriosis, Fibroids, or Ovarian Cysts can Increase your chances of Conception. The Success rate depends upon individuals circumstances.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Your Spouse’s Sperm or a Donor’s Sperm is Injected into Your Uterus or Fallopian Tubes via a Thin, Flexible Tube (Catheter). The Sperm sample is Pre-Treated to extract the Best Quality Sperm. About 16 percent is the Live Birth Rate.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
A Specialist Doctor removes your Eggs from your Ovaries. Your Eggs are Fertilised with Sperm in a Laboratory and left to Grow into Embryos. The Embryos are Transplanted back into your Uterus. 32 per cent live Birth Rate with your own fresh eggs.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
A Single Sperm is Injected into a Single Egg and the resulting Embryo is Transplanted into your Uterus. 35 per cent live Birth Rate.
Donor insemination (DI)
Donor Sperm is used to Fertilise your Egg via IUI Treatment. IVF Techniques can also use Donor Sperm. 15 per cent Live Birth Rate per Cycle for DI, 43 per cent for IVF using fresh eggs and Donor Sperm.
Egg or embryo donation
An Egg Donated by another Woman is Mixed with Sperm and Implanted in your Uterus. Some Couples Donate Embryos they have not needed from IVF Cycles. 32 per cent Live Birth Rate using fresh donor eggs.
Another Woman Carries a Baby for you Through to Birth, after which you Legally become the Baby’s Parents. Your Baby may grow from an Embryo made from your Egg and your Spouse’s Sperm, or from a Donor Embryo. Too many factors affect Success Rates for a figure to be given.
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