Neurology and Brain Treatment in India

Neurology and Brain Treatment in India

Neurologists are medical professionals who specialize in evaluating, diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the nervous system.
Neurological issues encompass a broad range of conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, diabetic neuropathy, headache, and nerve damage.


The nervous system has two parts:

01. The Central Nervous System (CNS), which refers to the Brain and Spinal Cord.
02. The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), which includes all of the Nerves outside of the CNS.

Neurology Conditions Treated in India

Neurologists Treat Neurological Conditions, which are Problems that affect the Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerves.


Neurology and Brain Treatment Options in India

Neurologists perform a range of different tests and procedures to diagnose and treat neurological conditions.


Lumbar Puncture

A Neurologist can use a Lumbar Puncture to collect a Sample of Spinal Fluid. They may use this procedure to help Diagnose the following Conditions:

  • Meningitis
  • Encephalitis
  • Myelitis
  • Leukemia
  • Autoimmune Diseases, such as Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Dementia
  • Bleeding in the brain

Neurologists can also use a Lumbar Puncture to Treat Conditions that affect the Spinal Cord. They can Inject Anesthetics, Antibiotics, or Cancer Treatments using a Lumbar Puncture needle.


A Neurologist can use Electromyography (EMG) to Assess how well a Person’s Muscles Respond to Electrical Stimulation from Motor Neurons, which are Specialized Nerves that Control muscle movement.

During an EMG, a Specially Trained Technician Inserts Small Needles called Electrodes into the muscle. These Electrodes Record the different Electrical Activity that occurs in Muscle Tissue during periods of movement and rest.

The EMG Machine produces an Electromyogram, which is a Record of this activity.

Neurologists can use the results of an EMG to Diagnose Neuromuscular Diseases, such as Myasthenia Gravis and ALS.




Neurologists use Eelectroencephalograms (EEG) to Measure and Record Electrical Activity in the Brain. Neurons in the Brain Communicate with other Neurons through Electrical Impulses, which an EEG can pick up. An EEG can also track Brain Wave Patterns.

During an EEG, a Technician will place Electrodes on the Person’s Head. These Electrodes connect to a Computer that Converts Electrical signals into Patterns that the Technician can view on a screen or print on a piece of paper.

Neurologists can use EEG results to Identify Abnormal Electrical Activity in the Brain and Diagnose certain Conditions, such as:

  • Epilepsy

  • Seizures

  • Brain tumors

  • Sleeping problems

  • Tensilon test

Myasthenia Gravis is a rare Neuromuscular Disease that Weakens the Muscles in the Arms and Legs. A Neurologist can use a Blood Test called a Tensilon Test to Diagnose Myasthenia Gravis.

Tensilon is the brand name of a drug called Edrophonium, which prevents the breakdown of Acetylcholine, a Neurotransmitter that Stimulates Muscle movement. Myasthenia Gravis causes the Immune System to Attack Acetylcholine Receptors in the muscles, which causes Muscle Fatigue and Decreased muscle movement.

During a Tensilon Test, a Neurologist will Inject a small amount of Tensilon into the Bloodstream. Then, they will ask the Person to perform different movements, such as:

  • Standing Up and Sitting Down

  • Holding their Arms Above their Head

  • Crossing and Uncrossing their Legs

The Neurologist will continue Administering Doses of Tensilon each time the Person feels tired. If the person notices that their Strength Returns after each Tensilon Injection, this indicates that they are likely to have Myasthenia Gravis.


A Neurologist can use the following tests to help Diagnose Neurological Disorders:

01. Laboratory Tests, such as Blood and Urine Analyses

02. Imaging Tests, such as Ultrasounds and MRI, CT, and PET Scans

03. Genetic Testing

04. Biopsy

05. Angiography


When to see a Neurologist?

01. Frequent or Severe Headaches
02. Muscle Weakness
03. Confusion
04. Dizziness
05. Loss of Coordination
06. Partial or Complete Paralysis
07. Sensory Changes that Affect The Sense of Touch, Vision, Smell, or Taste

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